Comparing Medical and Engineering Entrance Exams: NEET vs. JEE

One of the most common dilemmas faced by students is determining the superior option between JEE and NEET. Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) and the National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET) are regarded as two of India's foremost national entrance exams. While JEE helps students to pursue a career in engineering fields, NEET prepares the students to build a career in the field of medicine. Both of these exams are highly competitive and possess distinct features. Today, we shall compare these two entrance examinations in detail:

NEET vs. JEE: An Overview




Full Form

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test

Joint Entrance Examinations


Pen and Paper-based National Entrance Examination

Computer-Based National Entrance Examination

Conducted For

Admissions for undergraduate engineering and architecture courses

Admission to undergraduate medical and dental courses in government and private colleges

Regulated by

National Testing Agency (NTA)

National Testing Agency (NTA)

Number & type of questions

180 MCQ-based questions

90 questions
60 MCQ-based + 30 questions with answers in numerical value


3 hours

3 hours

Marking Scheme

+4 for each correct answer and -1 for each incorrect answer

For MCQs: +4 for each correct answer and -1 for each incorrect answer
For Non-MCQs: +4 for each correct answer and no negative marking for incorrect answers

Cut-off for eligibility

General – 50%, OBC- 45% and ST/SC/PWD – 40%

General – 75%, Reserved – 65%


English, Hindi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Odiya, Gujarati, Urdu

English, Hindi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Odiya, Gujarati, Urdu, Punjabi & Malayalam

NEET vs. JEE: Subject Curriculum

NEET is the single entrance test for admission to undergraduate medical and dental courses in India, including the coveted MBBS and BDS programmes. Administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA), NEET plays a crucial role in assessing the qualification for medical programmes in both public and private institutions nationwide. The NEET curriculum comprises of three fundamental subjects, namely, physics, chemistry, and biology, which are elaborated upon below:

Section A: Physics

Section B: Chemistry

Section C: Biology

Physics and Measurement

Some basic concepts in Chemistry

Diversity in Living World


Atomic Structure

Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Law and Motion

Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure

Cell Structure and Function

Work, Energy and Power

Chemical Thermodynamics

Plant Physiology

Rotational Motion


Human Physiology




Properties of Solids and Liquids

Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry

Genetics and Evolution


Chemical Kinetics

Biology' and Human Welfare

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Classification Of Elements & Periodicity In Properties

Biotechnology and its Applications

Oscillation and Waves

P- Block Elements

Ecology and Environment


D - and F- Block Elements


Current Electricity

Co-ordination Compounds


Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Purification And Characterisation of Organic Compounds


Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry


Electromagnetic Waves




Organic Compounds containing Halogens


Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Organic Compounds containing Oxygen


Atoms and Nuclei

Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen


Electronic Devices



On the other hand, JEE is conducted in two phases: JEE Main and JEE Advanced. JEE Main is the first level of the examination, and it is a common entrance test for various undergraduate engineering programmes in India. The students who perform exceptionally well in JEE Main are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced, securing their positions in the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), among other premier engineering institutions. The JEE syllabus is divided into two papers, as discussed below:
Paper 1: Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics




Physics and Measurement

Basic Concepts in Chemistry

Sets, Relations, and Functions


States of Matter

Complex Numbers


Chemical Bonding


Rotational Motion

Atomic Structure

Quadratic Equations


Molecular Structure


Work and Energy


Permutations Combinations


Redox Reactions

Mathematical Induction

Properties of Solids and Liquids

Chemical Thermodynamics

Sequence Series

Laws of Motion


Binomial Theorem

Electronic Devices


Limits and Continuity


Surface Chemistry



Chemical Kinetics


Current Electricity


Differential Equations

Electromagnetic Waves

Principles of Practical Chemistry

Integral Calculus

Communication Systems

Organic Compounds – Characterisation and Purification


Electromagnetic Induction

Oxygen, Halogens, and Nitrogen Organic Compounds

Vector Algebra



Coordinate Geometry

Alternating Currents


Mathematical Reasoning

Magnetic Effects of Current

Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

3D Geometry

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Chemistry in Everyday Life


Dual Nature of Matter




Classification of Elements






Alkali metals


Physics and Measurement

Group 13 to Group 18 Elements



Alkaline Earth Metals



D and f Block Elements



Coordination Compounds



Environmental Chemistry



Isolation of Metals


Paper 2: Aptitude, Drawing and Planning

Part 2A
  • Awareness of persons, places, buildings, materials.
  • Objects, texture related to architecture and build—environment.
  • Visualising three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional drawings.
  • Visualising different sides of three-dimensional objects.
  • Analytical reasoning mental ability (visual, numerical and verbal)

Part 2B

  • Three-dimensional perception: Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion of objects
  • Building forms and elements
  • Colour texture, harmony and contrast
  • Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil.
  • Transformation of forms
  • Both 2D and 3D union
  • Subtraction
  • Rotation
  • Development of surfaces and volumes
  • Generation of plan
  • Elevations and 3D views of objects
  • Creating 2D and 3D compositions using given shapes and forms

NEET vs. JEE: Scope

NEET offers aspiring medical professionals in the fields of healthcare and allied services. Students can pursue careers as doctors, surgeons, dentists, or engage in research and other medical-related fields. The scope of NEET extends to a wide range of specialisations, opening doors to diverse career opportunities in both government and private healthcare institutions.

JEE, on the other hand, caters to the field of engineering and technology, preparing students for careers in areas such as computer science, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, and many more. The scope of JEE encompasses not only traditional engineering disciplines but also emerging fields like artificial intelligence, data science, and robotics.

NEET vs. JEE: Which one is harder?

The aggregate number of seats for engineering aspirants in prestigious institutions is substantially higher than the combined total of MBBS and BDS seats available through the NEET. There is an availability of 24 lakh engineering seats across the country, while the number of MBBS and BDS seats is a mere 1 lakh and 18 thousand. However, NEET, despite having a smaller pool of seats, witnesses even more rigorous competition due to the greater number of candidates appearing for the exams. This is partly attributed to the higher number of NEET repeaters, or "droppers," compared to JEE pursuers. Furthermore, the challenge presented by JEE Advanced, the gateway to IITs, is often perceived as more formidable than NEET. The reason behind this perception is the elevated level of difficulty in JEE questions, which require a deep understanding of core scientific concepts and problem-solving abilities. In contrast, NEET requires the memorisation of vast biological and medical content, with a need to tackle a greater number of questions within a limited time frame.

Summing Up

The two entrance examinations, JEE and NEET, differ based on their career prospects and exam patterns. JEE is for those aiming for an engineering career, while NEET acts like a gateway to the medical field. Due to the limited number of seats, NEET is generally considered slightly more competitive than JEE. Although the syllabus of both exams includes subjects like physics and chemistry, aspirants should have a solid understanding of both subjects. Ultimately, the choice between two exams depends on your individual interests, career aspirations, interests, and expertise. However, if students are unsure about which career path to take after 12th grade, they can choose subject combinations of both mathematics and biology. Including these two subjects in the higher secondary can help students prepare for both exams simultaneously.